But three of the nine muses.
Her name was Caira and she was 82 years old. She had just been told she had cancer and she only had a few months to live. She wanted to see her son one last time, so she traveled to Paris from Italy. Her son was a model to sculptor Jules Desbois, who had expressed interest in modelling her. The model persuaded his mother to pose for Desbois.
This is all the information I could find on the elderly model. And her name, Caira. She must have been a very brave woman to pose in the nude at her advanced age – more than a century ago! Was it love for her child that made her take the clothes off her weathered body? We can only guess at her motivation, but the fact is she inspired three wonderful sculptors to create work based on her: Desbois, friend and assistant to Auguste Rodin, Rodin himself, and Camille Claudel, Rodin’s assistant, model and lover.
Desbois was the first sculptor to model her in terra cotta (Rodin had started working with her around the same time). His work is titled “La Misere” (Misery).
How could “Misery” leave anyone unmoved? One feels inclined to throw away those rags, cover her in a blanket and tell her she will be alright. Desbois’ approach provokes a strong emotional response.
Rodin’s version, “She Who Was The Helmetmaker’s Once-Beautiful Wife” later became part of his monument, The Gates of Hell. His focus is on the physical appearance of the model. The work bluntly shows her exposed and aware of the ravages of time. And time is more cruel to women than men. “There is nothing ugly in art except that which is without character, that is to say, that which offers no outer or inner truth”, said Rodin. He finds inner beauty in this woman – in her vulnerability and dignity even as she resigns herself to fate.
photo credit: Metropolitan Museum of Art
The most shocking, and the most original of the tree sculptures is Camille Claudel’s version of the model. Incredibly, in spite of the prevailing academic tastes in stylistic approaches of the era, this groundbreaking sculpture was well received at the Paris Salon.
Claudel envisions Caira as Clotho, one of the Fates, who spins the thread of destiny. Clotho is usually depicted as a young girl in the visual arts, but Camille chooses to show her as an old woman entangled in her thread. Her relationship with Rodin was falling apart around the same time she was working on Clotho, which explains her preoccupation with destiny.
The old woman resurfaced later as death in her most important work, The Age of Maturity.
Photo by Ch.Baraja
What a wonderful gesture from this old woman, Caira, to trigger such powerful response by not one, but three great sculptors!
These fun and whimsical pieces allow me to experiment with colouring surface textures.
Looks like I am starting another series, but hey, we artists love variety! The new series will be about the nine muses. I will contemporarize them according to my taste, but I will keep in mind also that they need to inspire me and the audience alike in spirit. The emphasis will be on form (gowns and hairstyles that don’t aim for any historical or stylistic categorization) and surface treatment, whether texture or colour, or both. The figures will be larger than most of my sculptures, between 30 and 36 inches.
Here is Euterpe, the muse of lyric poetry, which includes music, dance and song. In ancient Greece she was usually depicted with a flute, which is the perfect instrument for me, considering my son plays the flute. I used his flute for reference at his insistence that it had
to look like his own, very realistic! Thus, I ended up including more detail than originally planned. In all my figures I will try to keep in mind that these ladies are half human, half otherworldly divine creatures, so will have to be idealized.
The purple colour sort of bewildered me at first, but I have gotten used to it, and wouldn’t have her in any other way!
This piece reflects on some of the relationship-layers in the new millennium. I look at the dynamics of the mother-daughter unit in response to societal influences. There are always new trends popping up in the evolution of ideas, and these have a say in shaping the future. However, there is a significant risk in change, due to its untested nature. Surely, a calculated risk is usually part of the equation, but it seems to me it is foolish if not dangerous to do away with the accumulated wisdom of the past to chase Utopian social constructs that defy nature, reality and logic. Failed social experiments can cause serious damage in future generations. Good intentions are not enough, we owe it to our children to make sure we lead them towards a reality-based future.